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IFRS – Research and Development

IFRS – Research and Development

Businesses incur research and development costs in order to bring product differentiation, the launch of a new product etc. Such R&D costs have a special treatment and cannot be entirely treated as normal expenses. As per IFRS, research costs are expensed, however, in case of development costs (including internal costs) are capitalized provided certain conditions are met. This gives rise to the importance of differentiating a research cost from a development cost.

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Non-Recoverable Input Tax (Entertainment Services)

Non-Recoverable Input Tax (Entertainment Services)

There are a number of circumstances in which businesses have sought clarity over the definition of ‘entertainment’ for the purposes of the input tax restriction, and in particular what should constitute entertainment of staff or business contacts as opposed to incidental business-related expenses which would be recoverable under normal VAT rules.

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Importance of Accounting Standards

Importance of Accounting Standards

An accounting standard is a common set of principles, standards and procedures that define the basis of financial accounting policies and practices. Accounting standards improve the transparency of financial reporting in all countries. It relates to all aspects of an entity’s finances like assets, liabilities, income, expenses and equity. Banks, investors, and regulatory agencies count on accounting standards to ensure information about a given entity is relevant and accurate.

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Types of Audit Report

Types of Audit Report

An Audit is an independent examination of the financial statements of an entity irrespective of the size or legal form, whether profit-oriented or not, in order to express an opinion thereon, in the form of an Audit Report. The audit report is used by many stakeholders including the entity’s management, the board of directors, shareholders, investors, government bodies, banks, and many others. Audit reports are divided into 4, which are:

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Managing Cash Flow for Business

Managing Cash Flow for Business

Cash Flow in any business basically means the cash inflow from the revenue minus cash outflow from the expenses. Positive cash flow occurs when the cash receipts in the business from sales, accounts receivable, etc. are more than the amount of the cash leaving your businesses through accounts payable, monthly expenses, salaries, etc. Negative cash flow occurs when the outflow of cash is greater than your incoming cash.

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COVID’19 – Tackling the challenges of Business today

COVID’19 – Tackling the challenges of Business today

With the advancement of COVID’19 the pandemic in the past few months, the commercial industry has seen a variety of challenges. A pandemic cannot be confined to merely a major health crisis, it has had a subsequent effect on businesses across the globe. Not only has it gotten businesses to rethink and restructure their ways of operations, it has made companies with high profits, in the pre-pandemic times, difficult to survive in the current market. It is safe to say almost all industries have taken a hit, but here let us look into some of the worst-hit industries:

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